Modelling, Implementation, and Assessment of Virtual Synchronous Generator in Power Systems

Meng Chen*, Dao Zhou, Frede Blaabjerg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
182 Downloads (Pure)


As more and more power electronic based generation units are integrated into power systems, the stable operation of power systems has been challenged due to the lack of system inertia. In order to solve this issue, the virtual synchronous generator (VSG), in which the power electronic inverter is controlled to mimic the characteristics of traditional synchronous generators, is a promising strategy. In this paper, the representation of the synchronous generator in power systems is firstly presented as the basis for the VSG. Then the modelling methods of VSG are comprehensively reviewed and compared. Applications of the VSG in power systems are summarized as well. Finally, the challenges and future trends of the VSG implementation are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9082071
JournalJournal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)399-411
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


  • Inertia
  • virtual synchronous generator (VSG)
  • frequency control
  • Renewable energy source (RES)
  • Inverter


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