Modelling of coughed droplets in a hospital ward

Sasan Sadrizadeh, Peter Vilhelm Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Coughing and its importance for spreading respiratory infectious diseases has been confirmed in many previous studies. The dispersion process of respiratory droplets released by the coughing of a patient in a hospital ward was studied using computational fluid dynamics simulation. Two relatively realistic three-dimensional thermal mannequins with a parallel bed arrangement simulated the patients. The maximum dispersion distances in time under ward ventilation conditions were studied. A velocity profile simulated a time-dependent cough with total duration of 0.4 s. The results indicated that the transport characteristic of droplets due to coughing is highly influenced by their size. Although the effects of gravity or inertia on small droplets (< 40 μm) are negligible and the indoor airflow mostly influences their transport, droplets of > 40 μm are significantly affected by gravity and soon fall as the strong coughing airflow field becomes weaker and the droplets separate from the general flow.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCLIMA 2016 : proceedings of the 12th REHVA World Congress, 22-25 May 2016, Aalborg, Denmark
EditorsPer Heiselberg
Number of pages6
Volume5
Place of PublicationAalborg
PublisherDepartment of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University
Publication date2016
Article number54
ISBN (Electronic)87-91606-30-6 (vol. 5), 87-91606-36-5 (set)
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventCLIMA 2016 - 12th REHVA World Congress, 22-25 May 2016, Aalborg, Denmark - Aalborg, Denmark
Duration: 22 May 201625 May 2016
Conference number: 12

Conference

ConferenceCLIMA 2016 - 12th REHVA World Congress, 22-25 May 2016, Aalborg, Denmark
Number12
CountryDenmark
CityAalborg
Period22/05/201625/05/2016

Fingerprint

droplet
modeling
gravity
respiratory disease
infectious disease
velocity profile
computational fluid dynamics
inertia
airflow
ventilation
hospital
simulation

Keywords

  • Cough
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Ventilation systems
  • Hospital ward

Cite this

Sadrizadeh, S., & Nielsen, P. V. (2016). Modelling of coughed droplets in a hospital ward. In P. Heiselberg (Ed.), CLIMA 2016: proceedings of the 12th REHVA World Congress, 22-25 May 2016, Aalborg, Denmark (Vol. 5). [54] Aalborg: Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University.
Sadrizadeh, Sasan ; Nielsen, Peter Vilhelm. / Modelling of coughed droplets in a hospital ward. CLIMA 2016: proceedings of the 12th REHVA World Congress, 22-25 May 2016, Aalborg, Denmark. editor / Per Heiselberg. Vol. 5 Aalborg : Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University, 2016.
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Sadrizadeh, S & Nielsen, PV 2016, Modelling of coughed droplets in a hospital ward. in P Heiselberg (ed.), CLIMA 2016: proceedings of the 12th REHVA World Congress, 22-25 May 2016, Aalborg, Denmark. vol. 5, 54, Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University, Aalborg, CLIMA 2016 - 12th REHVA World Congress, 22-25 May 2016, Aalborg, Denmark, Aalborg, Denmark, 22/05/2016.

Modelling of coughed droplets in a hospital ward. / Sadrizadeh, Sasan; Nielsen, Peter Vilhelm.

CLIMA 2016: proceedings of the 12th REHVA World Congress, 22-25 May 2016, Aalborg, Denmark. ed. / Per Heiselberg. Vol. 5 Aalborg : Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University, 2016. 54.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

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AU - Nielsen, Peter Vilhelm

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AB - Coughing and its importance for spreading respiratory infectious diseases has been confirmed in many previous studies. The dispersion process of respiratory droplets released by the coughing of a patient in a hospital ward was studied using computational fluid dynamics simulation. Two relatively realistic three-dimensional thermal mannequins with a parallel bed arrangement simulated the patients. The maximum dispersion distances in time under ward ventilation conditions were studied. A velocity profile simulated a time-dependent cough with total duration of 0.4 s. The results indicated that the transport characteristic of droplets due to coughing is highly influenced by their size. Although the effects of gravity or inertia on small droplets (< 40 μm) are negligible and the indoor airflow mostly influences their transport, droplets of > 40 μm are significantly affected by gravity and soon fall as the strong coughing airflow field becomes weaker and the droplets separate from the general flow.

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Sadrizadeh S, Nielsen PV. Modelling of coughed droplets in a hospital ward. In Heiselberg P, editor, CLIMA 2016: proceedings of the 12th REHVA World Congress, 22-25 May 2016, Aalborg, Denmark. Vol. 5. Aalborg: Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University. 2016. 54