A typical giant magnetostrictive actuator (GMA) expands a magnetostrictive rod to generate strain by varying the current in the coil that surrounds the magnetostrictive rod. The heat generated by the current deteriorates the GMA performance. In particular, a constant current in the coil is required to produce the desired magnetic field when an output strain should be maintained. The GMA does not produce any mechanical power in this condition, but constant power is being consumed by the excitation coil. This paper presents a new type of motor-driven GMA (MDGMA), which works in a coil-free driven manner. The magnetic field in the iron-gallium alloy (Galfenol), which is a type of magnetostrictive material, is periodically altered by rotating the permanent magnets instead of varying the coil current in the traditional GMA. The proposed MDGMA not only achieves continuous adjustment of the output strain, but can also maintain a constant output strain without consuming any power. In addition, the coil-free design releases the new MDGMA from the heat generated by the excitation coil, which allows the MDGMA to work more stably.
|Journal||I E E E Transactions on Magnetics|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2015|
- Giant magnetostrictive actuator (GMA)
- Motor-driven GMA (MDGMA)