Multiple-day high-dose beetroot juice supplementation does not improve pulmonary or muscle deoxygenation kinetics of well-trained cyclists in normoxia and hypoxia

Torben Rokkedal-Lausch, Jesper Franch, Mathias K Poulsen, Lars P Thomsen, Eddie Weitzberg, Ernest N Kamavuako, Dan S Karbing, Ryan G Larsen

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3 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Dietary nitrate (NO 3 -) supplementation via beetroot juice (BR) has been reported to lower oxygen cost (i.e., increased exercise efficiency) and speed up oxygen uptake (VO 2) kinetics in untrained and moderately trained individuals, particularly during conditions of low oxygen availability (i.e., hypoxia). However, the effects of multiple-day, high dose (12.4 mmol NO 3- per day) BR supplementation on exercise efficiency and VO 2 kinetics during normoxia and hypoxia in well-trained individuals are not resolved. In a double-blinded, randomized crossover study, 12 well-trained cyclists (66.4 ± 5.3 ml min -1∙kg -1) completed three transitions from rest to moderate-intensity (~70% of gas exchange threshold) cycling in hypoxia and normoxia with supplementation of BR or nitrate-depleted BR as placebo. Continuous measures of VO 2 and muscle (vastus lateralis) deoxygenation (ΔHHb, using near-infrared spectroscopy) were acquired during all transitions. Kinetics of VO 2 and deoxygenation (ΔHHb) were modeled using mono-exponential functions. Our results showed that BR supplementation did not alter the primary time constant for VO 2 or ΔHHb during the transition from rest to moderate-intensity cycling. While BR supplementation lowered the amplitude of the VO 2 response (2.1%, p = 0.038), BR did not alter steady state VO 2 derived from the fit (p = 0.258), raw VO 2 data (p = 0.231), moderate intensity exercise efficiency (p = 0.333) nor steady state ΔHHb (p = 0.224). Altogether, these results demonstrate that multiple-day, high-dose BR supplementation does not alter exercise efficiency or oxygen uptake kinetics during normoxia and hypoxia in well-trained athletes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Volume111-112
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
ISSN1089-8603
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Beetroot juice
  • Hypoxia
  • Muscle oxygenation
  • Nitric oxide
  • Oxygen kinetics

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