Multiuser Communication Through Power Talk in DC MicroGrids

Marko Angjelichinoski, Cedomir Stefanovic, Petar Popovski, Hongpeng Liu, Poh Chiang Loh, Frede Blaabjerg

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Power talk is a novel ultra narrow-band powerline communication (UNB-PLC) technique for communication among control units in MicroGrids (MGs). Unlike the existing UNB-PLC solutions, power talk does not require installation of additional dedicated communication hardware and, instead, uses only the power electronic converters through which the control units interface the common bus. This way the communication system has practically the same reliability as the power system. The information is transmitted by modulating the parameters of the primary control, incurring subtle power deviations that can be detected by other units. In this paper, we develop power talk communication strategies for direct-current (DC) MG systems with arbitrary number of control units that carry out all-to-all communication. We investigate two multiple access strategies: time-division multiple access, where only one unit transmits at a time, and full duplex, where all units transmit and receive simultaneously. We apply the concepts of signaling space, where the power talk symbol constellations are constructed, and detection space, where the demodulation of the symbols is performed. The proposed communication technique is challenged by the random changes of the bus parameters due to load variations. To this end, we investigate the performance of power talk when a solution based on training sequences that re-establishes detection spaces is employed. The presented evaluation shows that power talk has a potential to offer an effective and inexpensive solution for reliable communication among units in DC MGs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Volume34
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)2006 - 2021
Number of pages16
ISSN0733-8716
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2016

Keywords

  • Detection Space
  • Power Talk
  • MicroGrid Communications
  • Droop Control
  • Signaling Space

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