Music Therapy: Models and Interventions

Gro Trondalen, Lars Ole Bonde

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Music therapy (MT) is most commonly defined as an intervention where “the therapist helps the client to promote health, using music experiences and the relationships developing through them” (Bruscia 1998). Also other definitions of MT agree that a therapeutic relationship is important for a music intervention to be considered MT. Other interventions that “use music for health-related goals, but in ways that do not qualify as music therapy” (Gold 2009), may be described as music medicine, or simply as music listening. In this text we elaborate on an overview chapter covering some of the different major music therapy orientations/models (Guided Imagery and Music, Nordoff-Robbins, Psychoanalytic, Cognitive-behavioral etc), their theoretical foundations and their practical approaches to health and wellbeing or ‘health musicking’. The relational context – the interplay of (expressive as well as receptive) music experiences, the therapeutic or broader social relationship and the specific participants in their environment – will be discussed and compared between the models.
Translated title of the contributionMusikterapi: Metoder og teknikker i helsefremmende arbejde
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMusic, Health and Wellbeing
EditorsRaymond MacDonald, Gunter Kreutz, Laura Mitchell
PublisherOxford University Press
Publication date20 Feb 2012
ISBN (Print)978-0-19-958697-4
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2012

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