Negative sequence current control in wind power plants with VSC-HVDC connection

Sanjay Chaudhary, Remus Teodorescu, Pedro Rodriguez, Philip Carne Kjaer, Ani M. Gole

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


Large offshore wind power plants may have multi-MW wind turbine generators (WTG) equipped with full-scale converters (FSC) and voltage source converter (VSC) based high voltaage direct-current (HVDC) transmission for grid
connection. The power electronic converters in theWTG-FSC and the VSC-HVDC allow fast current control in the offshore grid. This paper presents a method of controlling the negative sequence current injection into the offshore grid from the VSC-HVDC as well as WTG-FSCs. This would minimize the power oscillations and hence reduce the dc voltage overshoots in the VSC-HVDC system as well as in the WTG-FSCs; especially when the offshore grid is unbalanced due to asymmetric faults. The formulation for negative sequence current injection is mathematically derived and then implemented in electromagnetic transients (EMT) simulation model. The simulated results show that the negative sequence
current control mitigates the power oscillations and therefore limits the dc voltage excursions in the VSC-HVDC system during the asymmetric faults.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)535-544
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012


  • Full-scale converter
  • High voltage direct-current (HVDC)
  • Second-order generalized integrator (SOGI)
  • Sequence components
  • Voltage source converter (VSC)
  • Wind power plant
  • Wind turbine generator

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