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Abstract

INTRODUCTION. Gender difference in the incidence of eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is well-known as more men than women are affected. However, knowledge of gender differences is lacking for most other aspects of EoE. In this populationbased adult EoE cohort, the aim was to study if gender differences exist with respect to 1) clinical phenotype, 2) treatment response and 3) complications. METHODS. This was a retrospective, registry-based DanEoE cohort study of 236 adult patients with EoE (178 adult men and 58 adult women) diagnosed in 2007-2017 in the North Denmark Region. Medical registries were searched for patient records and pathology reports. RESULTS. No statistically or clinically significant differences were recorded in the phenotype regarding symptoms reported, macroscopic or histological findings at diagnosis (all p > 0.3). A comparable number of men and women were followed up symptomatically and histologically (all p > 0.3). More men than women reported “no symptoms” on proton pump inhibitor (56% men versus 39% women, p = 0.04), although the histological response was similar between genders (p = 0.4). The proportions of food bolus obstructions and dilations were comparable (all p > 0.4). CONCLUSION. This study found very few gender differences. Results suggest that men and women with EoE may receive the same treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA06220393
JournalDanish Medical Journal
Volume70
Issue number2
ISSN2245-1919
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Articles published in the DMJ are “open access”. This means that the articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits any non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Keywords

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Eosinophilic Esophagitis/complications
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Cohort Studies
  • Registries
  • Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use

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