Nonlinear Least Squares Methods for Joint DOA and Pitch Estimation

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In this paper, we consider the problem of joint direction-of-arrival (DOA) and fundamental frequency estimation. Joint estimation enables robust estimation of these parameters in multi-source scenarios where separate estimators may fail. First, we derive the exact and asymptotic Cram\'{e}r-Rao bounds for the joint estimation problem. Then, we propose a nonlinear least squares (NLS) and an approximate NLS (aNLS) estimator for joint DOA and fundamental frequency estimation. The proposed estimators are maximum likelihood estimators when: 1) the noise is white Gaussian, 2) the environment is anechoic, and 3) the source of interest is in the far-field. Otherwise, the methods still approximately yield maximum likelihood estimates. Simulations on synthetic data show that the proposed methods have similar or better performance than state-of-the-art methods for DOA and fundamental frequency estimation. Moreover, simulations on real-life data indicate that the NLS and aNLS methods are applicable even when reverberation is present and the noise is not white Gaussian.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)923-933
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

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