Omni-directional Pathloss Measurement Based on Virtual Antenna Array with Directional Antennas

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Omni-directional pathloss, which refers to the pathloss when omni-directional antennas are used at the link ends, are essential for system design and evaluation. In the millimeter-wave (mm-Wave) and beyond bands, high gain directional antennas are widely used for channel measurements due to the significant signal attenuation. Conventional methods for omni-directional pathloss estimation are based on directional scanning sounding (DSS) system, i.e., a single directional antenna placed at the center of a rotator capturing signals from different rotation angles. The omni-directional pathloss is obtained by either summing up all the powers above the noise level or just summing up the powers of detected propagation paths. However, both methods are problematic with relatively wide main beams and high side-lobes provided by the directional antennas. In this correspondence, directional antenna based virtual antenna array (VAA) system is implemented for omni-directional pathloss estimation. The VAA scheme uses the same measurement system as the DSS, yet it offers high angular resolution (i.e. narrow main beam) and low side-lobes, which is essential for achieving accurate multipath detection in the power angle delay profiles (PADPs) and thereby obtaining accurate omni-directional pathloss. A measurement campaign was designed and conducted in an indoor corridor at 28-30 GHz to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)2576-2580
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023


  • Antenna arrays
  • Antenna measurements
  • Delays
  • Directional antennas
  • Directive antennas
  • Receiving antennas
  • Transmitting antennas
  • channel measurements
  • pathloss
  • propagation


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