One-year incidence of depression, anxiety, or stress disorders following a first-time heart failure diagnosis: A Danish nationwide registry-based study

M. W. Pedersen, R. Rørth, M. P. Andersen, M. Sessa, C. Polcwiartek, S. J. Riddersholm, G. Gislason, S. L. Kristensen, N. H. Andersen*, L. Køber, P. Søgaard, C. Torp-Pedersen, K. H. Kragholm

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Study objective
To examine first-time depression, anxiety, stress disorders or psychotropic drug prescriptions within one year after incident heart failure (HF).

Design
Nationwide Epidemiological registry study.

Setting
National patient registries.

Participants
Patients in Denmark with a first-time HF diagnosis during 2005–2015.

Interventions
None.

Main outcome measures
Incidences of depression, anxiety, stress disorders or first-time prescription of a psychotropic drug were determined.

Results
A total of 94,712 HF patients and 473,560 matched controls were included (median age 74.0 [64.0–81.0] years, 60.8 % males). At one year after incident HF, 11.9 % met the primary composite endpoint (depression, anxiety, or stress disorders or prescription of related psychotropic drugs), with 8.6 % outpatients and 13.3 % in-patients, versus 2.4 % of the controls. Starting psychotropic medication accounted for most of the composite endpoint events, as 11.6 % of the HF patients started antidepressants, anxiolytics, hypnotics, or sedative drugs (2.4 % among controls), while 0.6 % received a registered diagnosis of depression, anxiety, or stress disorder (<0.1 % among controls). The relative risk of psychotropic drug prescriptions in HF patients versus controls (standardized to the age, sex, and selected comorbidity distributions of all included subjects) was 3.85 [95 % CI 3.73–3.98]. The corresponding relative risk for one of the psychiatric diagnoses was 12.90 [95 % CI 10.60–15.19].

Conclusion
A substantial part of patients with newly diagnose heart failure started treatment with psychotropic drugs whereas only a small fraction was registered with depression, anxiety, or stress disorders within one-year follow-up. The incidences were significantly higher than in the background population.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100240
JournalAmerican heart journal plus
Volume25
Number of pages6
ISSN2666-6022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022

Keywords

  • Affective disorders
  • Antidepressants
  • Epidemiology
  • Heart disease
  • Population studies

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