Operational scheduling of responsive prosumer farms for day‐ahead peak shaving by agricultural demand response aggregators

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This paper proposes a novel structure to optimize the operational strategies of responsive farms for day-ahead peak shaving. To achieve the aim, the modern irrigation system of farms, including groundwater, surface water, and booster water pumps, are modeled mathematically. To develop the demand response (DR) potentials of the farms, electrical storage systems, and self-generation facilities, including thermal distributed generations and on-farm solar sites, are addressed. In order to facilitate the integration of the agricultural DR programs into the electricity market, a mathematical formulation for agricultural demand response aggregator (ADRA) is suggested. The ADRA participates in the day-ahead electricity market on behalf of the responsive farms. To overcome the price uncertainty of the electricity market, a robust optimization approach is addressed. This approach determines the robust decisions of farms in the worst-case realizations of the uncertain electricity price. Regarding on-farm solar sites located in rural areas, a data-driven approach is used to estimate the solar power generation of a significant number of sites without needing to install costly communication and measurement infrastructures. Finally, the proposed approach is implemented on agricultural lands in the northeast of Iran. The numerical results show that the suggested approach provides day-ahead peak shaving for the power systems meeting the crop's water requirements.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)938-960
Number of pages23
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • agricultural demand response aggregator
  • irrigation system
  • on-farm solar site
  • robust optimization.


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