Optics of multiple grooves in metal: Transition from high scattering to strong absorption

Enok Johannes Haahr Skjølstrup, Thomas Søndergaard, Kjeld Pedersen, Thomas Garm Pedersen

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This paper studies theoretically how the optics of multiple grooves in a metal change as the number of grooves is increased gradually from a single groove to innitely many arranged in a periodic array. In the case of a single groove the out-of-plane scattering (OUP) cross section at resonance can signicantly exceed the groove width. On the other hand a periodic array of identical grooves behaves radically dierent and is a near-perfect absorber at the same wavelength. When illuminating multiple grooves with a plane wave the OUP cross section is found to scale roughly linearly with the number of grooves and is comparable to the physical array width even for widths of many wavelengths. The normalized OUP cross section per groove even exceeds that of a single
groove, which is explained as a consequence of surface plasmon polaritons generated at one groove being scattered out-of-the-plane by other grooves. In the case of illuminating instead with a Gaussian beam, and observing the limit as the incident beam narrows and is conned within the multiple-groove array, it is found that the total reflectance becomes very low and that there is practically no out-of-plane scattering. The well-known result for periodic arrays is thus recovered. All calculations were carried out using Greens function surface integral equation methods taking advantage of the periodic nature of the structures. Both rectangular and tapered grooves are considered.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlasmonics : Design, Materials, Fabrication, Characterization, and Applications XV
Number of pages12
PublisherSPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication date25 Aug 2017
ISBN (Print)9781510611498
ISBN (Electronic)9781510611504
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2017
EventSPIE NANOSCIENCE + ENGINEERING - San Diego, United States
Duration: 6 Aug 201710 Aug 2017


Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego
SeriesProceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering

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