Optimization-Based Power and Energy Management System in Shipboard Microgrid: A Review

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The increasing demands for reducing greenhouse emissions and improving fuel efficiency of marine transportation have presented opportunities for electric ships. Due to the complexity of multiple power resources coordination, varied propulsion loads, changeable economical, and environmental requirements, power/energy management system (PMS/EMS) becomes essential in both designing and operational processes. The existing literature on PMS/EMS can be categorized into rule-based and optimization-based approaches. Compared to the rule-based PMS/EMS, which relies heavily on human expertise, as well as predefined strategies and priorities, the optimization-based approaches can offer more efficient solutions and are more widely used nowadays. This article provides a comprehensive review of the marine optimization-based power/energy management system and discusses the future trends of PMS/EMS in ship power systems.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Systems Journal
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)578-590
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Energy management
  • Fuel cells
  • Fuels
  • Generators
  • Marine vehicles
  • optimization
  • Optimization
  • Power generation
  • power management
  • review
  • shipboard power system
  • Switches


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