Optimized Power Dispatch in Wind Farms for Power Maximizing Considering Fatigue Loads

Baohua Zhang, Mohsen N. Soltani, Weihao Hu, Peng Hou, Qi Huang, Zhe Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Wake effects in a wind farm (WF) include the wind velocity deficit and added turbulence. The wind velocity deficit may bring significant loss of the wind power and the added turbulence may cause extra fatigue load on the wind turbines (WTs). Inclusion of the wake effects in the wind farm control design can increase the total captured power by derating the upwind WTs. However, this may increase the turbulence and cause more fatigue load on the downwind WTs. This paper proposes an optimized active power dispatch strategy for WFs to maximize the total captured power while maintaining the fatigue load of the shafts and the towers within a certain range from the values using traditional strategy, which adopts maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control for each WT. A WT derating control strategy is included in the WT controller and the fatigue load for the tower and shaft is evaluated offline at a series of turbulence intensity, mean wind speed and active power reference to form a lookup table, which is used for the WF control. The proposed strategy is compared with WT MPPT control strategy and WF MPPT control strategy. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed strategy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)862-871
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018


  • Wind farm
  • Active power dispatch
  • Power maximizing
  • Fatigue load reduction
  • Added turbulence


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