Overheating Assessment of a Passive House Case Study in Spain

Juan María Hidalgo, Theofanis Ch. Psomas, Carlos García-Gáfaro, Per Kvols Heiselberg, Jose Antonio Millán

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In response to the European Energy Performance Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU and the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU, buildings have increasingly become more insulated in order to reduce the heating losses to a minimum. However, this could also lead to the problem of indoor high temperatures during warm and transition seasons. Furthermore, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warns about increases in temperature of more than 4 ºC by the end of the century. Taking into account the different thermal comfort indices, this research analyses the overheating risk in a single family house built in Spain according to the Passivhaus standard. For the purpose of this research, we selected the following models: the Fanger Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) model defined in the ISO 7730:2005, the adaptive model defined in the EN 15251:2007, the criteria for overheating prevention defined in CIBSE TM52 in 2013 and the PH limitation about warmer temperatures. Moreover, we have analysed the influence of dwelling occupancy and the periods of verification over the results of each methodology.

The studied building has a high level of thermal insulation and air-tight envelope, reducing heat losses until a heating demand of 14 kWh/m2 per year. It is equipped with a convective heating system and a mechanical ventilation system with heat recovery, without any cooling system apart from the bypass configuration of the heat recovery unit and the window openings. The monitoring lasted more than a year, from January of 2013 until April of 2014, and includes both indoor environment and outdoor weather parameters.

The different criteria result in different outputs: According to the ISO 7730 standard, the discomfort caused by warm temperatures represents the 9.8 % of the non-heated season, which reaches up to 13.6 % when taking into account only the day-time rooms; this result is obtained through the weighted average of the temperatures in the kitchen, the living room and the dining room. On the other hand, the adaptive model EN 15251 leads to an outcome of only the 0.2% in the whole house and 1.7% in the weighted average temperature of the day-time rooms. The TM52 criteria for avoiding overheating risk shows that the building is not overheated because it meets the three criteria. The house doesn’t meet the Passivhaus requirement, because the period over 25ºC exceeds 11.8 %.

Finally, we have analysed some guidelines about overheating risk assessment and proposed some improvements, such as including transition months of fall and spring, considering full time occupancy instead of specific timetables or splitting the building into different zones to detect local discomfort conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - Effective ventilation in high performance buildings : 36th AIVC Conference
Number of pages11
PublisherAIVC
Publication date2015
Pages645-655
ISBN (Print)2-930471-45-X
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event36th Air Infiltration and Ventilation Center (AIVC) Conference - Madrid, Spain, Spain
Duration: 23 Sep 201524 Sep 2015
Conference number: 36

Conference

Conference36th Air Infiltration and Ventilation Center (AIVC) Conference
Number36
CountrySpain
CityMadrid, Spain
Period23/09/201524/09/2015

Fingerprint

Waste heat utilization
Heating
Temperature
Kitchens
Thermal comfort
Thermal insulation
Cooling systems
Heat losses
Climate change
Risk assessment
Energy efficiency
Monitoring
Air
Artificial Respiration

Keywords

  • Overheating
  • Passive house
  • Thermal comfort assessment

Cite this

Hidalgo, J. M., Psomas, T. C., García-Gáfaro, C., Heiselberg, P. K., & Millán, J. A. (2015). Overheating Assessment of a Passive House Case Study in Spain. In Proceedings - Effective ventilation in high performance buildings: 36th AIVC Conference (pp. 645-655). AIVC.
Hidalgo, Juan María ; Psomas, Theofanis Ch. ; García-Gáfaro, Carlos ; Heiselberg, Per Kvols ; Millán, Jose Antonio. / Overheating Assessment of a Passive House Case Study in Spain. Proceedings - Effective ventilation in high performance buildings: 36th AIVC Conference. AIVC, 2015. pp. 645-655
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abstract = "In response to the European Energy Performance Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU and the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU, buildings have increasingly become more insulated in order to reduce the heating losses to a minimum. However, this could also lead to the problem of indoor high temperatures during warm and transition seasons. Furthermore, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warns about increases in temperature of more than 4 ºC by the end of the century. Taking into account the different thermal comfort indices, this research analyses the overheating risk in a single family house built in Spain according to the Passivhaus standard. For the purpose of this research, we selected the following models: the Fanger Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) model defined in the ISO 7730:2005, the adaptive model defined in the EN 15251:2007, the criteria for overheating prevention defined in CIBSE TM52 in 2013 and the PH limitation about warmer temperatures. Moreover, we have analysed the influence of dwelling occupancy and the periods of verification over the results of each methodology. The studied building has a high level of thermal insulation and air-tight envelope, reducing heat losses until a heating demand of 14 kWh/m2 per year. It is equipped with a convective heating system and a mechanical ventilation system with heat recovery, without any cooling system apart from the bypass configuration of the heat recovery unit and the window openings. The monitoring lasted more than a year, from January of 2013 until April of 2014, and includes both indoor environment and outdoor weather parameters.The different criteria result in different outputs: According to the ISO 7730 standard, the discomfort caused by warm temperatures represents the 9.8 {\%} of the non-heated season, which reaches up to 13.6 {\%} when taking into account only the day-time rooms; this result is obtained through the weighted average of the temperatures in the kitchen, the living room and the dining room. On the other hand, the adaptive model EN 15251 leads to an outcome of only the 0.2{\%} in the whole house and 1.7{\%} in the weighted average temperature of the day-time rooms. The TM52 criteria for avoiding overheating risk shows that the building is not overheated because it meets the three criteria. The house doesn’t meet the Passivhaus requirement, because the period over 25ºC exceeds 11.8 {\%}.Finally, we have analysed some guidelines about overheating risk assessment and proposed some improvements, such as including transition months of fall and spring, considering full time occupancy instead of specific timetables or splitting the building into different zones to detect local discomfort conditions.",
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Hidalgo, JM, Psomas, TC, García-Gáfaro, C, Heiselberg, PK & Millán, JA 2015, Overheating Assessment of a Passive House Case Study in Spain. in Proceedings - Effective ventilation in high performance buildings: 36th AIVC Conference. AIVC, pp. 645-655, 36th Air Infiltration and Ventilation Center (AIVC) Conference, Madrid, Spain, Spain, 23/09/2015.

Overheating Assessment of a Passive House Case Study in Spain. / Hidalgo, Juan María; Psomas, Theofanis Ch.; García-Gáfaro, Carlos; Heiselberg, Per Kvols; Millán, Jose Antonio.

Proceedings - Effective ventilation in high performance buildings: 36th AIVC Conference. AIVC, 2015. p. 645-655.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Overheating Assessment of a Passive House Case Study in Spain

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AU - Psomas, Theofanis Ch.

AU - García-Gáfaro, Carlos

AU - Heiselberg, Per Kvols

AU - Millán, Jose Antonio

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - In response to the European Energy Performance Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU and the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU, buildings have increasingly become more insulated in order to reduce the heating losses to a minimum. However, this could also lead to the problem of indoor high temperatures during warm and transition seasons. Furthermore, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warns about increases in temperature of more than 4 ºC by the end of the century. Taking into account the different thermal comfort indices, this research analyses the overheating risk in a single family house built in Spain according to the Passivhaus standard. For the purpose of this research, we selected the following models: the Fanger Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) model defined in the ISO 7730:2005, the adaptive model defined in the EN 15251:2007, the criteria for overheating prevention defined in CIBSE TM52 in 2013 and the PH limitation about warmer temperatures. Moreover, we have analysed the influence of dwelling occupancy and the periods of verification over the results of each methodology. The studied building has a high level of thermal insulation and air-tight envelope, reducing heat losses until a heating demand of 14 kWh/m2 per year. It is equipped with a convective heating system and a mechanical ventilation system with heat recovery, without any cooling system apart from the bypass configuration of the heat recovery unit and the window openings. The monitoring lasted more than a year, from January of 2013 until April of 2014, and includes both indoor environment and outdoor weather parameters.The different criteria result in different outputs: According to the ISO 7730 standard, the discomfort caused by warm temperatures represents the 9.8 % of the non-heated season, which reaches up to 13.6 % when taking into account only the day-time rooms; this result is obtained through the weighted average of the temperatures in the kitchen, the living room and the dining room. On the other hand, the adaptive model EN 15251 leads to an outcome of only the 0.2% in the whole house and 1.7% in the weighted average temperature of the day-time rooms. The TM52 criteria for avoiding overheating risk shows that the building is not overheated because it meets the three criteria. The house doesn’t meet the Passivhaus requirement, because the period over 25ºC exceeds 11.8 %.Finally, we have analysed some guidelines about overheating risk assessment and proposed some improvements, such as including transition months of fall and spring, considering full time occupancy instead of specific timetables or splitting the building into different zones to detect local discomfort conditions.

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KW - Overheating

KW - Passive house

KW - Thermal comfort assessment

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M3 - Article in proceeding

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BT - Proceedings - Effective ventilation in high performance buildings

PB - AIVC

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Hidalgo JM, Psomas TC, García-Gáfaro C, Heiselberg PK, Millán JA. Overheating Assessment of a Passive House Case Study in Spain. In Proceedings - Effective ventilation in high performance buildings: 36th AIVC Conference. AIVC. 2015. p. 645-655