Pain, Sensitization, and physical performances in patients with chronic painful knee osteoarthritis or chronic pain following total knee arthroplasty: an explorative study

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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to assess clinical pain, pain sensitization and physical performances to profile patients with chronic painful knee osteoarthritis (OA) or pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Examining the interactions between pain mechanisms and physical performances would enable us to investigate the underlying explanatory relationships between these parameters. Methods: In this explorative study, 70 patients with chronic painful knee OA (N = 46) or chronic pain after TKA (N = 24) were assessed for clinical pain, quantitative sensory profiling (mechanical pinprick pain sensitivity, temporal summation (TS) and conditioned pain modulation), physical performances (chair stand, walk and stair climb tests) and self-reported outcomes. Between-group comparisons were made using ANCOVA tests and associations between outcomes were analysed using multivariate linear regression models. Results: Overall, no differences between groups regarding clinical pain and quantitative sensory profiling outcomes were observed. Physical performances were lower in the TKA group compared with the OA group with moderate-to-large effect sizes, and a tendency towards better scores in self-reported outcomes for the OA group was observed with small-to-moderate effect sizes. Self-reported function seems to be associated with physical performances in the TKA group. Sensitization (TS) appears to be associated with poorer physical performances in the OA group. Conclusions: Similar profiles for pain intensity, signs of sensitization and conditioned pain modulation were observed. Patients with TKA seems to have impaired physical performances compared with the OA group, underlining the importance of targeting physical performances. Only the OA patients showed an association between sensitization (TS) and physical performance. Significance: Quantitative pain profiling assessment was used to assess pain intensities and pain mechanisms. We observed associations between physical performances and temporal summation in the OA group underlining the importance of assessing motor functions and pain mechanisms in the same trial. We observed lower levels of physical performances in the TKA group compared with the OA group, suggesting that examination and rehabilitation of physical performances is essential for TKA patients with chronic pain.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Pain
Volume25
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)213-224
Number of pages12
ISSN1090-3801
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

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