Passivity-based analysis and controller design offer a promising approach to guarantee the stability of power systems. If all grid-connected components act strictly passive, critical oscillations cannot arise. Recent research establishes design guidelines for current-controlled voltage-source converters that allow obtaining a nonnegative real part of the converter input admittance for a wide frequency range. In this paper, the findings are extended and generalized from a control engineering point of view. Utilizing passivity indices to quantify the degree of the input admittance's passivity, the current controller design is reviewed and assessed. Further, generic and necessary passivation design criteria are proposed and carried out exemplarily for passive as well as for active damping using voltage feed-forward filters. Finally, the theoretical findings are validated by experiments.
- Converter control
- Voltage-source converter (VSC)