Passive house renovation of a block of flats – Measured performance and energy signature analysis

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In order to reduce CO2-emissions it is necessary to reduce the energy use in the existing building stock significantly. Gadehavegård – a social housing built-up area consisting of 19 similar blocks of flats with nearly 1000 dwellings situated in Denmark – needed renovation and therefore a block was selected for testing an ambitious renovation that would result in a significant reduction in energy use and CO2 emissions. The ambition was to reach the German Passivhaus standard for the building, i.e. a very strict requirement, especially for a renovation project. The renovation included insulating the facades from the outside, replacing all windows, insulating the roof, installing decentralized mechanical ventilation systems with efficient heat recovery and a photovoltaic system on the roof. In addition, the balconies were included in the apartments by installing foldable glass façades. This paper gives a detailed description of the renovation project along with measurements of the energy use and indoor climate before and after renovation. Comparing the achieved results to the Passivhaus requirements show that the original goal is not achieved, however, the building fulfils the less strict requirements of the Passivhaus renovation certification EnerPHit and is still a very good example on how significant reductions in energy use can be achieved for these types of buildings. Results before and after renovation are compared using the energy signature and shows that heating energy consumption has been reduced by more than 50% even though indoor temperature on average has increased from 21.7 °C to 23.3 °C.
Translated title of the contributionPassivhus renovering af en etagebolig - Måleresultater og energisignaturanalyse
Original languageEnglish
Article number111679
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022


  • EnerPHit
  • Energy renovation
  • Energy signature
  • Multi-story apartment buildings
  • Passivhaus renovation
  • Rebound effect
  • Retrofit

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