Placental transverse relaxation time (T2) estimated by MRI: Normal values and the correlation with birthweight

Kristi Bøgh Anderson*, Anna Sofie Andersen, Ditte N Hansen, Marianne Sinding, David A Peters, Jens Brøndum Frøkjaer, Anne Sørensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Introduction: Placental transverse relaxation time (T2) assessed by MRI may have the potential to improve the antenatal identification of small for gestational age. The aims of this study were to provide normal values of placental T2 in relation to gestational age at the time of MRI and to explore the correlation between placental T2 and birthweight. Material and methods: A mixed cohort of 112 singleton pregnancies was retrieved from our placental MRI research database. MRI was performed at 23.6-41.3 weeks of gestation in a 1.5T system (TE (8): 50-440 ms, TR: 4000 ms). Normal pregnancies were defined by uncomplicated pregnancies with normal obstetric outcome and birthweight deviation within ±1 SD of the expected for gestational age. The correlation between placental T2 and birthweight was investigated using the following outcomes; small for gestational age (birthweight ≤−2 SD of the expected for gestational age) and birthweight deviation (birthweight Z-scores). Results: In normal pregnancies (n = 27), placenta T2 showed a significant negative linear correlation with gestational age (r = −.91, P =.0001) being 184 ms ± 15.94 ms (mean ± SD) at 20 weeks of gestation and 89 ms ± 15.94 ms at 40 weeks of gestation. Placental T2 was significantly reduced among small-for-gestational-age pregnancies (mean Z-score −1.95, P <.001). Moreover, we found a significant positive correlation between placenta T2 deviation (Z-score) and birthweight deviation (Z-score) (R 2 =.26, P =.0001). Conclusions: This study provides normal values of placental T2 to be used in future studies on placental MRI. Placental T2 is closely related to birthweight and may improve the antenatal identification of small-for-gestational-age pregnancies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume100
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)934-940
Number of pages7
ISSN0001-6349
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • fetal monitoring
  • high-risk pregnancy
  • placenta
  • placental transverse relaxation time
  • pregnancy
  • prenatal diagnosis

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