Power Ramp Limitation capabilities of Large PV Power Plants with Active Power Reserves

Craciun Bogdan, Tamas Kerekes, Dezso Sera, Remus Teodorescu, Annakkage Udaya

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Power Ramp Limitation (PRL) is likely to become a requirement for large scale photovoltaic power plants (LPVPPs) in order to allow the increase of PV penetration levels. Especially in islands with reduced inertia capability, this problem is more stringent: high power ramp can be caused by either fast irradiance changes or other participant generators for example wind power, or loads. In order to compensate for the power mismatch, LPVPPs must use Active Power Reserve (APR), by either curtailment or auxiliary storage. The paper proposes a PRL control structure for dynamic APR sizing and deployment. The selected test case is the power system of Puerto Rico (PREPA), modeled using the modified IEEE 12 bus benchmark system, with different levels of PV penetration. It is shown that LPVPP with PRL can effectively reduce the ramping rate of the participating generators. Considering that the large area of LPVPPs acts as filter against fast irradiance changes, the study reveals also the required plant size for which auxiliary storage is no longer needed in order to comply with PRL requirements – an important economical aspect.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)573 - 581
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017


  • PRL
  • APR
  • Ramp rate
  • Spatial distribution

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