Predictability of Harmonic Complexity Across 75 Years of Popular Music Hits

Karl Kristoffer Jensen, David Hebert

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This study applies a novel computational strategy––Jensen Chroma Complexity (JCC)––to develop robust harmonic profiles of music recordings. This feature has been calculated on all US Billboard Top 100 hits across a 75-year period (n=6,394). Results indicate a clear historical trajectory of harmonic profiles, with strong predictability. From the 1940s is a sustained increase in JCC that nearly doubles, peaking in the 1980s, and gradually decreasing into the 21st century. Each decade was also deter- mined to correlate to a statistically distinctive harmonic profile. The find- ings presented here corroborate the effectiveness of JCC in generating ro- bust harmonic profiles that enable identification of the approximate year in which a hit song was popularized.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Computer Music Multidisciplinary Research
EditorsM. Aramaki, R. Kronland-Martinet, S. Ystad
Number of pages15
PublisherThe Laboratory of Mechanics and Acoustics
Publication date21 Jun 2015
Pages198-212
ISBN (Print)978-2-909669-24-3
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2015
Event11th International Symposium on Computer Music Multidisciplinary Research : Music, Mind, and Embodiment - Plymouth University, Plymouth, United Kingdom
Duration: 16 Jun 201519 Jun 2015
http://cmr.soc.plymouth.ac.uk/cmmr2015/

Conference

Conference11th International Symposium on Computer Music Multidisciplinary Research
LocationPlymouth University
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityPlymouth
Period16/06/201519/06/2015
Internet address
SeriesL M A. Publications
ISSN1159-0947

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Cite this

Jensen, K. K., & Hebert, D. (2015). Predictability of Harmonic Complexity Across 75 Years of Popular Music Hits. In M. Aramaki, R. Kronland-Martinet, & S. Ystad (Eds.), Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Computer Music Multidisciplinary Research (pp. 198-212). The Laboratory of Mechanics and Acoustics. L M A. Publications
Jensen, Karl Kristoffer ; Hebert, David. / Predictability of Harmonic Complexity Across 75 Years of Popular Music Hits. Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Computer Music Multidisciplinary Research. editor / M. Aramaki ; R. Kronland-Martinet ; S. Ystad. The Laboratory of Mechanics and Acoustics, 2015. pp. 198-212 (L M A. Publications).
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Jensen, KK & Hebert, D 2015, Predictability of Harmonic Complexity Across 75 Years of Popular Music Hits. in M Aramaki, R Kronland-Martinet & S Ystad (eds), Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Computer Music Multidisciplinary Research. The Laboratory of Mechanics and Acoustics, L M A. Publications, pp. 198-212, 11th International Symposium on Computer Music Multidisciplinary Research , Plymouth, United Kingdom, 16/06/2015.

Predictability of Harmonic Complexity Across 75 Years of Popular Music Hits. / Jensen, Karl Kristoffer; Hebert, David.

Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Computer Music Multidisciplinary Research. ed. / M. Aramaki; R. Kronland-Martinet; S. Ystad. The Laboratory of Mechanics and Acoustics, 2015. p. 198-212.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

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N2 - This study applies a novel computational strategy––Jensen Chroma Complexity (JCC)––to develop robust harmonic profiles of music recordings. This feature has been calculated on all US Billboard Top 100 hits across a 75-year period (n=6,394). Results indicate a clear historical trajectory of harmonic profiles, with strong predictability. From the 1940s is a sustained increase in JCC that nearly doubles, peaking in the 1980s, and gradually decreasing into the 21st century. Each decade was also deter- mined to correlate to a statistically distinctive harmonic profile. The find- ings presented here corroborate the effectiveness of JCC in generating ro- bust harmonic profiles that enable identification of the approximate year in which a hit song was popularized.

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Jensen KK, Hebert D. Predictability of Harmonic Complexity Across 75 Years of Popular Music Hits. In Aramaki M, Kronland-Martinet R, Ystad S, editors, Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Computer Music Multidisciplinary Research. The Laboratory of Mechanics and Acoustics. 2015. p. 198-212. (L M A. Publications).