Preliminary Experiment Combining Virtual Reality Haptic Shoes and Audio Synthesis.

Rolf Nordahl, Amir Berrezag, Smilen Dimitrov, Luca Turchet, Vincent Hayward, Stefania Serafin

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)
1053 Downloads (Pure)


We describe a system that provides combined auditory and haptic sensations to simulate walking on different grounds. It uses a physical model that drives haptic transducers embedded in sandals and headphones. The model represents walking interactions with solid surfaces that can creak, or be covered with crumpling material. In a preliminary discrimination experiment, 15 participants were asked to recognize four different surfaces in a list of sixteen possibilities and under three different conditions, haptics only, audition only and combined haptic-audition. The results indicate that subjects are able to recognize most of the stimuli in the audition only condition, and some of the material properties such as hardness in the haptics only condition. The combination of auditory and haptic cues did not improve recognition significantly.
Original languageEnglish
Book seriesLecture Notes in Computer Science
Pages (from-to)123-129
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2010


  • physical models
  • walking sounds
  • audio-haptic interaction

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