Public involvement in the planning, development and implementation of community health services: A scoping review of public involvement methods

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Abstract

Services have improved due to public involvement in the planning, development, and implementation of health services. A wide range of public involvement methods, based on highly diversified methodological approaches and conceptualisations, have been developed. However, the extensive growth of new and different involvement methods lacks consistency and promotes uncertainty about which methods to apply when, how, and why. Aiming to identify, chart and summarise public involvement methods in the planning, development and implementation of community health services, we conducted a systematic search in April 2021. Seven databases were searched: CINAHL, Cochrane, Embase, PsycINFO, PubMed, ProQuest and Scopus. The systematic facet search corresponded with the PCC framework: Patient (P), Concept (C) and Context (C). A descriptive synthesis and a thematic analysis of included studies were conducted. Thirty-nine studies met the inclusion criteria. Two main categories of public involvement methods were identified: multiple methods approaches and single method approaches involving a variety of involvement activities. The characteristics of the two categories of methods were coded in accordance with methodological approach, activity and facilitation technique. The majority of the studies` methodological approach was either participatory or community-based. A variety of techniques to facilitate group discussions, sharing of ideas, and group processes were used. The results provide an overview of the characteristics of different public involvement methods, which may inform agencies and practitioners in choosing appropriate methods to qualify the public involvement in planning, developing, and implementing community health services. Further research is needed on how to manage public involvement in the implementation of community health services. In addition, rigorous evaluation studies of the impact of public involvement methods are needed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHealth and Social Care in the Community
Volume30
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)809-835
Number of pages27
ISSN0966-0410
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • community health care
  • community health services
  • community involvement
  • community participation
  • methods
  • public participation
  • review

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