Quality criteria for multi-domain studies in the indoor environment: critical review towards research guidelines and recommendations

Giorgia Chinazzo*, Rune Korsholm Andersen, Elie Azar, Verena M. Barthelmes, Cristina Becchio, Lorenzo Belussi, Christiane Berger, Salvatore Carlucci, Stefano Paolo Corgnati, Sarah Crosby, Ludovico Danza, Luiza de Castro, Matteo Favero, Stephanie Gauthier, Runa T. Hellwig, Quan Jin, Joyce Kim, Mandana Sarey Khanie, Dolaana Khovalyg, Carola LinguaAlessandra Luna-Navarro, Ardeshir Mahdavi, Clayton Miller, Isabel Mino-Rodriguez, Ilaria Pigliautile, Anna Laura Pisello, Ricardo Forgiarini Rupp, Abdul-Manan Sadick, Francesco Salamone, Marcel Schweiker, Marc Syndicus, Giorgia Spigliantini, Natalia Giraldo Vasquez, Donna Vakalis, Marika Vellei, Shen Wei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The perception, physiology, behavior, and performance of building occupants are influenced by multi-domain exposures: the simultaneous presence of multiple environmental stimuli, i.e., visual, thermal, acoustic, and air quality. Despite being extensive, the literature on multi-domain exposures presents heterogeneous methodological approaches and inconsistent study reporting, which hinder direct comparison between studies and meta-analyses. Therefore, in addition to carrying out more multi-domain studies, such investigations need to be designed, conducted, and documented in a systematic and transparent way. With the goal to facilitate and support future multi-domain studies and their meta-analyses, this work provides (1) a range of criteria for multi-domain study design and reporting (i.e., defined as quality criteria), and (2) a critical review of the multi-domain literature based on the described criteria, which can serve as guidelines and recommendations for future studies on the topic. The identified quality criteria encompass study set-up, study deployment and analysis, and study outcome, stressing the importance of adopting a consistent terminology and result reporting style. The developed critical review highlights several shortcomings in the design, deployment, and documentation of multi-domain studies, emphasizing the need for quality improvements of future multi-domain research. The ultimate goal of this work is to consolidate our knowledge on multi-domain exposures for its integration into regulatory resources and guidelines, which are currently dominated by single-domain knowledge.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109719
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Human comfort
  • Multi-domain comfort
  • combined effects
  • cross-modal effects
  • human building interaction
  • indoor environmental quality (IEQ)
  • research quality assurance
  • transparent reporting


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  • 2022 Building and Environment Best Paper Award

    Chinazzo, Giorgia (Recipient), Andersen, Rune Korsholm (Recipient), Azar, Elie (Recipient), Barthelmes, Verena M. (Recipient), Becchio, Cristina (Recipient), Belussi, Lorenzo (Recipient), Berger, Christiane (Recipient), Carlucci, Salvatore (Recipient), Corgnati, Stefano (Recipient), Crosby, Sarah (Recipient), Danza, Ludovico (Recipient), de Castro, Luiza (Recipient), Favero, Matteo (Recipient), Gauthier, Stephanie (Recipient), Hellwig, Runa T. (Recipient), Jin, Quan (Recipient), Kim, Joyce (Recipient), Khanie, Mandana Sarey (Recipient), Khovalyg, Dolaana (Recipient), Lingua, Carola (Recipient), Luna-Navarro, Alessandra (Recipient), Mahdavi, Ardeshir (Recipient), Miller, Clayton (Recipient), Mino-Rodriguez, Isabel (Recipient), Pigliautile, Ilaria (Recipient), Pisello, Anna Laura (Recipient), Rupp, Ricardo Forgiarini (Recipient), Sadick, Abdul-Manan (Recipient), Salamone, Francesco (Recipient), Schweiker, Marcel (Recipient), Syndicus, Marc (Recipient), Spigliantini, Giorgia (Recipient), Giraldo Vasquez, Natalia (Recipient), Vakalis, Donna (Recipient), Vellei, Marika (Recipient) & Wei, Shen (Recipient), 30 Jan 2023

    Prize: Research, education and innovation prizes

  • Evaluating assumptions of scales for subjective assessment of thermal environments: Do laypersons perceive them the way, we researchers believe?

    Schweiker, M., André, M., Al-Atrash, F., Al-Khatri, H., Alprianti, R. R., Alsaad, H., Amin, R., Ampatzi, E., Arsano, A. Y., Azadeh, M., Azar, E., Bahareh, B., Batagarawa, A., Becker, S., Buonocore, C., Cao, B., Choi, J-H., Chun, C., Daanen, H., Damiati, S. A., & 73 othersDaniel, L., De Vecchi, R., Dhaka, S., Domínguez-Amarillo, S., Dudkiewicz, E., Edappilly, L. P., Fernández-Agüera, J., Folkerts, M., Frijns, A., Gaona, G., Garg, V., Gauthier, S., Jabbari, S. G., Harimi, D., Hellwig, R. T., Huebner, G., Jin, Q., Jowkar, M., Kim, J., King, N., Kingma, B., Koerniawan, M. D., Kolarik, J., Kumar, S., Kwok, A., Lamberts, R., Laska, M., Lee, J. M. C., Lee, Y., Lindermayr, V., Mahaki, M., Udochukwu, M-O., Marín-Restrepo, L., Marquardsen, A., Martellotta, F., Mathur, J., Mino-Rodriguez, I., Mou, D., Moujalled, B., Nakajima, M., Ng, E., Okafor, M., Olweny, M., Ouyang, W., de Abreu, A. L. P., Pérez-Fargallo, A., Rajapaksha, I., Ramos, G., Rashid, S., Reinhart, C. F., Rivera, M. I., Salmanzadeh, M., Schakib‐Ekbatan, K., Schiavon, S., Shooshtarian, S., Shukuya, M., Soebarto, V., Suhendri, S., Tahsildoost, M., Tartarini, F., Teli, D., Tewari, P., Thapa, S., Trebilcock, M., Trojan, J., Tukur, R. B., Voelker, C., Yam, Y., Yang, L., Zapata-Lancaster, G., Zhai, Y., Zhu, Y. & Zomorodian, Z. S., 18 Feb 2020, In: Energy and Buildings. 211, 109761.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Open Access
    45 Citations (Scopus)
    21 Downloads (Pure)
  • Necessary conditions for multi-domain indoor environmental quality standards

    Mahdavi, A., Berger, C., Bochukova, V., Bourikas, L., Hellwig, R. T., Jin, Q., Pisello, A. L. & Schweiker, M., 13 Oct 2020, In: Sustainability. 12, 20, p. 1-24 24 p., 8439.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Open Access
    8 Citations (Scopus)
    32 Downloads (Pure)
  • The colours of comfort: From thermal sensation to person-centric thermal zones for adaptive building strategies

    Gauthier, S., Bourikas, L., Al-Atrash, F., Bae, C., Chun, C., de Dear, R., Hellwig, R. T., Kim, J., Kwon, S., Mora, R., Pandya, H., Rawal, R., Tartarini, F., Upadhyay, R. & Wagner, A., 3 Apr 2020, In: Energy and Buildings. 216, 19 p., 109936.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

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