Randomized clinical trial: Efficacy and safety of PPC-5650 on experimental esophageal pain and hyperalgesia in healthy volunteers

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Abstract

Abstract Objective. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition associated with symptoms as heart burn, regurgitation, chest pain, and gastrointestinal discomfort. PPC-5650 is a new pharmacological agent that can modulate acid-sensing ion channel activity, potentially leading to reduction in the pain signal. In healthy volunteers the esophagus was sensitized with acid to mimic GERD with the aims: 1) to assess the efficacy of a single bolus of PPC-5650 locally applied to the esophagus using multimodal pain stimulations, and 2) to assess the safety profile of PPC-5650. Materials and methods. The study was a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover trial in healthy males. Esophageal electrical, thermal, mechanical, and chemical stimulations were performed, pain perception was rated, and referred pain areas were drawn. Sensitization was induced by intraluminal esophageal acid perfusions. Adverse events were registered. Results. Twenty-five healthy males completed the study (mean age 23.4 ± 2.0 years). About 90 min after drug administration, PPC-5650 increased the volume tolerated at moderate pain during mechanical stimulation compared to placebo (difference 13.5, 95% CI: 0.58-26.47, p = 0.04), but there was no effects on thermal-, electrical-, and chemical-induced pain (all p > 0.05). PPC-5650 did not affect referred pain areas to any stimulation (all p > 0.05). Ten participants reported adverse events during the placebo treatment period, and nine participants reported adverse events during the PPC-5650 treatment period (p = 0.8). Conclusion. Sensitization to mechanical stimulation of the esophagus was reduced by PPC-5650 compared to placebo. The overall safety and tolerability of PPC-5650 was acceptable. Thus, PPC-5650 may play a role in the future treatment of patients with GERD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume50
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)138-144
Number of pages7
ISSN0036-5521
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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