Mechanisms for bio-crude formation during the conversion of glucose, xylose and glucose-xylose mixtures as biomass model compounds under hot compressed water conditions are investigated. Studies in literature have shown that the diverse products formed at the early stages of glucose or xylose conversion are 5-HMF, erythrose, glyceraldehyde, dihydroxyacetone, pyruvaldehyde, and saccharinic acids resulted through reactions such as dehydration, retro-aldol condensation and isomerization. However, these compounds are mostly water soluble compounds and lack the final steps towards formation of water insoluble components at longer reaction times. The effects of pressure, pH, catalyst and reaction time on the main products are examined thoroughly. The possible routes for the formation of oil compounds are developed.
|Publication date||Nov 2015|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2015|
|Event||4th International Conference on Thermochemical Conversion Science (TcBiomass 2015) - Chicago, IL, United States|
Duration: 2 Nov 2015 → 5 Nov 2015
|Conference||4th International Conference on Thermochemical Conversion Science (TcBiomass 2015)|
|Period||02/11/2015 → 05/11/2015|
Grigoras, I., Toor, S. S., & Rosendahl, L. A. (2015). Reaction mechanisms and kinetics of processing glucose, xylose and glucose-xylose mixtures under hot compressed water conditions for predicting bio-crude composition. Poster presented at 4th International Conference on Thermochemical Conversion Science (TcBiomass 2015), Chicago, IL, United States.