Recurrent syncope in patients with a pacemaker and bradyarrhythmia

C.J.Y Lee, J.M Davidsen, R Skals, C Torp-Pedersen, P Soegaard

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Abstract

To investigate the risk of recurrent syncope and all-cause mortality after implantation of a pacemaker in patients with bradyarrhythmia.A pacemaker is generally recommended when syncope is caused by bradyarrhythmias to prevent a new syncope. However, the occurrence and risk of recurrent syncope in patients with bradyarrhythmia after pacemakerimplantation are still unknown.Patients with a prior syncope and an implantation of pacemaker were identified. Cumulative incidences of 5-years were estimated for the outcomes stratified into groups according to the type of bradyarrhythmia; and type of pacemaker. The risk of recurrent syncope and all-cause mortality were estimated using adjusted cox proportional hazard regressions.We identified 8,663 patients with a prior syncope and pacemaker implantation (median age of 78,1 years (SD 69,1–84,8) and 55,1\. The 5-year cumulative incidence of recurrent syncope was 19,3\95\CI) 18,4–20,2). Factors associated with a significant increased risk of recurrent syncope were male sex, age 80 years and above, alcohol related disease, bleeding, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic kidney disease, stroke, and malignancy. Atrial fibrillation was associated with a significantly decreased risk of recurrent syncope. Patients with an advanced AV conduction abnormality had a lower associated risk of syncope compared to patients with sinus node dysfunction (HR 0,85, 95\,76–0,94, p=0,003).One fifth of the cohort had a recurrence syncope after five years. Besides older age and male sex, several comorbidities were found to be associated with a higher risk of recurrence of syncope. Clinicians need to be attentive that a large proportion of patients with bradyarrhythmia suffer from syncope even when treated with a pacemaker.Type of funding source: None
Original languageEnglish
Article numberehaa946.0715
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume41
Issue numberSuppl. 2
Pages (from-to)715
Number of pages1
ISSN0195-668X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2020
EventESC Congress 2020: The Digital Experience - Virtuel
Duration: 29 Aug 20201 Sep 2020
https://esc365.escardio.org/

Conference

ConferenceESC Congress 2020
LocationVirtuel
Period29/08/202001/09/2020
Internet address

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