Referral criteria recognition of screeners in the Danish screening programme for hip dysplasia

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INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to review risk factors used in the current Danish screening programme for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and the self-reported recognition of these risk factors among midwives, general practitioners (GP) and GPs in training. METHODS: A survey of regional DDH referral guidelines was conducted through online regional guideline databases. Furthermore, risk factors used as referral criteria for DDH were compared across regions. Using an online survey, we asked midwives, GPs and GPs in training to identify which of six risk factors for DDH were currently featured as referral criteria for specialised DDH examination in the referral guidelines of their employment region. Answers were compared with the DDH referral guidelines of the responders' employment region. RESULTS: We collected 178 survey responses and 11 local and regional DDH referral guidelines. Six risk factors were identified from referral guidelines (breech presentation, oligohydramnios, family history of DDH, clubfeet, twins and premature birth). Overall, correct answer percentages for currently used risk factors for DDH as specified in the corresponding regional guidelines were: 96% (breech presentation), 90% (family history of DDH), 66% (twins), 63% (premature birth), 34% (clubfeet) and 29% (oligohydramnios). CONCLUSIONS: This study found variation in the referral criteria among Danish regional DDH referral guidelines and an overall high level of recognition for two out of six referral criteria but a low level of recognition for the remaining four. FUNDING: The authors received no financial support for the research conducted in preparation of this article. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA01210098
JournalDanish Medical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2022


  • Developmental dysplasia of the hip
  • Mass Screening


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