Reforming processes for micro combined heat and powersystem based on solid oxide fuel cell

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Abstract

Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is a promising technology for decentralized power generation and cogeneration. This technology has several advantages: the high electric efficiency, which can be theoretically improved through integration in power cycles; the low emissions; and the possibility of using a large variety of gaseous fuels. The high operating temperature (700-1000°C) of SOFCs has a number of consequences, the most important of which are the possibility to partially reform the raw fuel in the fuel cell anode compartment and the possibility to use high quality heat for cogeneration. In this work, different configurations of SOFC systems for decentralized electricity production are considered and studied. The balance of plant (BoP) components will be identified including fuel and air supply, fuel management, start-up steam, anode re-circulation, exhaust gas heat management, power conditioning and control system. Using mass and energy balance, different types of fuel reforming including steam reforming, autothermal reforming and partial oxidation will be investigated for each configuration. Also effective system concepts and key performance parameters will be identified.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SIMS 50
Number of pages11
PublisherScandinavian Simulation Society
Publication date2009
ISBN (Print)978-87-89502-88-5
ISBN (Electronic)978-87-89502-88-5
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventSIMS 50 - Fredericia, Denmark
Duration: 7 Oct 20098 Oct 2009

Conference

ConferenceSIMS 50
CountryDenmark
CityFredericia
Period07/10/200908/10/2009

Fingerprint

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Reforming reactions
Anodes
Natural gas conditioning
Boiler circulation
Steam reforming
Exhaust gases
Energy balance
Power generation
Fuel cells
Steam
Electricity
Control systems
Oxidation
Air
Temperature
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cell
  • Micro CHP System

Cite this

@inproceedings{33617530665211deb46f000ea68e967b,
title = "Reforming processes for micro combined heat and powersystem based on solid oxide fuel cell",
abstract = "Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is a promising technology for decentralized power generation and cogeneration. This technology has several advantages: the high electric efficiency, which can be theoretically improved through integration in power cycles; the low emissions; and the possibility of using a large variety of gaseous fuels. The high operating temperature (700-1000°C) of SOFCs has a number of consequences, the most important of which are the possibility to partially reform the raw fuel in the fuel cell anode compartment and the possibility to use high quality heat for cogeneration. In this work, different configurations of SOFC systems for decentralized electricity production are considered and studied. The balance of plant (BoP) components will be identified including fuel and air supply, fuel management, start-up steam, anode re-circulation, exhaust gas heat management, power conditioning and control system. Using mass and energy balance, different types of fuel reforming including steam reforming, autothermal reforming and partial oxidation will be investigated for each configuration. Also effective system concepts and key performance parameters will be identified.",
keywords = "Solid Oxide Fuel Cell, Micro CHP System",
author = "Vincenzo Liso and Nielsen, {Mads Pagh} and K{\ae}r, {S{\o}ren Knudsen}",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-87-89502-88-5",
booktitle = "Proceedings of SIMS 50",
publisher = "Scandinavian Simulation Society",

}

Liso, V, Nielsen, MP & Kær, SK 2009, Reforming processes for micro combined heat and powersystem based on solid oxide fuel cell. in Proceedings of SIMS 50. Scandinavian Simulation Society, SIMS 50, Fredericia, Denmark, 07/10/2009.

Reforming processes for micro combined heat and powersystem based on solid oxide fuel cell. / Liso, Vincenzo; Nielsen, Mads Pagh; Kær, Søren Knudsen.

Proceedings of SIMS 50. Scandinavian Simulation Society, 2009.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Reforming processes for micro combined heat and powersystem based on solid oxide fuel cell

AU - Liso, Vincenzo

AU - Nielsen, Mads Pagh

AU - Kær, Søren Knudsen

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is a promising technology for decentralized power generation and cogeneration. This technology has several advantages: the high electric efficiency, which can be theoretically improved through integration in power cycles; the low emissions; and the possibility of using a large variety of gaseous fuels. The high operating temperature (700-1000°C) of SOFCs has a number of consequences, the most important of which are the possibility to partially reform the raw fuel in the fuel cell anode compartment and the possibility to use high quality heat for cogeneration. In this work, different configurations of SOFC systems for decentralized electricity production are considered and studied. The balance of plant (BoP) components will be identified including fuel and air supply, fuel management, start-up steam, anode re-circulation, exhaust gas heat management, power conditioning and control system. Using mass and energy balance, different types of fuel reforming including steam reforming, autothermal reforming and partial oxidation will be investigated for each configuration. Also effective system concepts and key performance parameters will be identified.

AB - Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is a promising technology for decentralized power generation and cogeneration. This technology has several advantages: the high electric efficiency, which can be theoretically improved through integration in power cycles; the low emissions; and the possibility of using a large variety of gaseous fuels. The high operating temperature (700-1000°C) of SOFCs has a number of consequences, the most important of which are the possibility to partially reform the raw fuel in the fuel cell anode compartment and the possibility to use high quality heat for cogeneration. In this work, different configurations of SOFC systems for decentralized electricity production are considered and studied. The balance of plant (BoP) components will be identified including fuel and air supply, fuel management, start-up steam, anode re-circulation, exhaust gas heat management, power conditioning and control system. Using mass and energy balance, different types of fuel reforming including steam reforming, autothermal reforming and partial oxidation will be investigated for each configuration. Also effective system concepts and key performance parameters will be identified.

KW - Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

KW - Micro CHP System

M3 - Article in proceeding

SN - 978-87-89502-88-5

BT - Proceedings of SIMS 50

PB - Scandinavian Simulation Society

ER -