Renewable Energy Systems: A Smart Energy Systems Approach to the Choice and Modelling of 100% Renewable Solutions

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Abstract

This paper presents the learning of a series of studies that analyse the problems and perspectives of converting the present energy system into a 100 % renewable energy system using a smart energy systems approach. As opposed to, for instance, the smart grid concept, which takes a sole focus on the
electricity sector, smart energy systems include the entire energy system in its approach to identifying suitable energy infrastructure designs and operation strategies. The typical smart grid sole focus on the electricity sector often leads to the conclusion that transmission lines, flexible electricity demands and
electricity storage are the primary means to deal with the integration of fluctuating renewable sources. However, the nature of wind power and similar sources has the consequence that these measures are neither very effective nor cost-efficient. The most effective and least-cost solutions are to be found when
the electricity sector is combined with the heating and cooling sectors and/or the transportation sector. Moreover, the combination of electricity and gas infrastructures may play an important role in the design of future renewable energy systems. The paper illustrates why electricity smart grids should be seen as part of overall smart energy systems and emphasizes the inclusion of flexible combined heat and power (CHP) production in the electricity balancing and grid stabilization. Furthermore, it highlights how to design and model future sustainable smart energy systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPRES 2014, 17TH CONFERENCE ON PROCESS INTEGRATION, MODELLING AND OPTIMISATION FOR ENERGY SAVING AND POLLUTION REDUCTION, PTS 1-3
Volume39
PublisherAIDIC
Publication date2014
Pages1-6
ISBN (Print)978-88-95608-30-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event 17th Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction - Prag, Czech Republic
Duration: 23 Aug 201427 Aug 2014

Conference

Conference 17th Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrag
Period23/08/201427/08/2014
SeriesChemical engineering transactions
Volume39
ISSN1974-9791

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