Resilience and social capital: The engagement of fisheries communities in marine spatial planning

Y.W Bakker, J. de Koning, Jan P.M van Tatenhove

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Between 2010 and 2016, the Orkney Islands Council, Highland Council and Marine Scotland have collaborated to develop a pilot Marine Spatial Plan for the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters in Scotland. This paper explores the challenges of marine spatial planning processes by looking at the possibilities for fisheries communities to mobilize their social capital – in the form of bonding, bridging or linking – in order to re-position and to empower themselves in these processes. This paper aims to uncover the resilience of local communities that deploy social capital in order to influence MSP processes and safeguard their own interests. For this article ten weeks of qualitative fieldwork in the form of in-depth interviews and participant observation with stakeholders of the pilot marine spatial plan were conducted on the Orkney Islands in Scotland. The strong bonding social capital among fishermen in Orkney has resulted in a resilient community identity which allows for collaboration and self-organization, but also creates a defensive mentality which does not favor linking. Furthermore, a lack of trust in governmental authorities inhibits the mobilization of linking social capital among fishermen, obstructing the ability to access power through cross-scale connections. In response the fisheries community uses bridging social capital outside governance arenas to access networks and mobilize resources to strengthen its socio-economic and political position in support of future linking social capital. Researching this complex interrelation and functioning of social capital uncovers some of the social dimensions and socio-institutional constraints for fisheries engagement with and power in marine spatial planning.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine Policy
Volume99
Pages (from-to)132-139
Number of pages8
ISSN0308-597X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Fingerprint

social capital
spatial planning
fishery
resilience
planning
fisheries
community
Scotland
fishermen
self-organization
self organization
mentality
governance
Marine spatial planning
Social capital
Resilience
Fisheries
planning process
participant observation
stakeholders

Keywords

  • Community Resilience
  • Fisheries
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Scotland
  • Social Capital

Cite this

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title = "Resilience and social capital: The engagement of fisheries communities in marine spatial planning",
abstract = "Between 2010 and 2016, the Orkney Islands Council, Highland Council and Marine Scotland have collaborated to develop a pilot Marine Spatial Plan for the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters in Scotland. This paper explores the challenges of marine spatial planning processes by looking at the possibilities for fisheries communities to mobilize their social capital – in the form of bonding, bridging or linking – in order to re-position and to empower themselves in these processes. This paper aims to uncover the resilience of local communities that deploy social capital in order to influence MSP processes and safeguard their own interests. For this article ten weeks of qualitative fieldwork in the form of in-depth interviews and participant observation with stakeholders of the pilot marine spatial plan were conducted on the Orkney Islands in Scotland. The strong bonding social capital among fishermen in Orkney has resulted in a resilient community identity which allows for collaboration and self-organization, but also creates a defensive mentality which does not favor linking. Furthermore, a lack of trust in governmental authorities inhibits the mobilization of linking social capital among fishermen, obstructing the ability to access power through cross-scale connections. In response the fisheries community uses bridging social capital outside governance arenas to access networks and mobilize resources to strengthen its socio-economic and political position in support of future linking social capital. Researching this complex interrelation and functioning of social capital uncovers some of the social dimensions and socio-institutional constraints for fisheries engagement with and power in marine spatial planning.",
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Resilience and social capital : The engagement of fisheries communities in marine spatial planning. / Bakker, Y.W; Koning, J. de ; Tatenhove, Jan P.M van.

In: Marine Policy, Vol. 99, 01.2019, p. 132-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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