Robust and Efficient Fault Diagnosis of mm-Wave Active Phased Arrays using Baseband Signal

Martin Hedegaard Nielsen, Yufeng Zhang, Changbin Xue, Jian Ren, Yingzeng Yin, Ming Shen, Gert Frølund Pedersen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
42 Downloads (Pure)


One key communication block in 5G and 6G radios is the active phased array (APA). To ensure reliable operation, efficient and timely fault diagnosis of APAs on-site is crucial. To date, fault diagnosis has relied on measurement of frequency domain radiation patterns using costly equipment and multiple strictly controlled measurement probes, which are time consuming, complex, and therefore infeasible for on-site deployment. This article proposes a novel method exploiting a deep neural network (DNN) tailored to extract the features hidden in the baseband in-phase and quadrature signals for classifying the different faults. It requires only a single probe in one measurement point for fast and accurate diagnosis of the faulty elements and components in APAs. Validation of the proposed method is done using a commercial 28 GHz APA. Accuracies of 99% and 80% have been demonstrated for single- and multi-element failure detection, respectively. Three different test scenarios are investigated: ON-OFF antenna elements, phase variations, and magnitude attenuation variations. In a low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 4 dB, stable fault detection accuracy above 90% is maintained. This is all achieved with a detection time of milliseconds (e.g., 6 ms), showing a high potential for on-site deployment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)5044-5053
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • Analog system fault diagnosis
  • artificial intelligence
  • communication system fault diagnosis
  • fault diagnosis
  • millimeter-Wave (mm-Wave) antenna arrays


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