Robust Fault Ride-Through of Converter-based Generation during Severe Faults with Phase Jumps

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As grid-connected converters are at risk of losing synchronism with the grid when exposed to extreme voltage sags, this might jeopardize the stability during a fault and a converter's ability to comply with fault ride-through requirements. This article investigates the synchronization stability of grid-tied converters during severe symmetrical faults with phase jumps. To achieve zero-voltage ride-through capability, a frozen phase-locked loop (PLL) structure can be employed to guarantee stability during faults. However, as the frozen PLL approach is unaware of frequency drifts and phase-angle jumps in the grid voltage, its performance during nonconstant frequency and phase is unknown. Therefore, this article investigates and provides new insight into how the frozen PLL performs during phase jumps and reveals whether phase compensation should be utilized to improve the converter response during a severe symmetrical fault. It is disclosed, that even though phase compensation can improve the injected currents during a fault situation including large phase jumps, a noncompensated frozen PLL can inherently ensure stability and allow for zero-voltage ride-through capability at an acceptable current injection. Furthermore, the robustness of the frozen PLL has been analyzed through a comprehensive simulation study where three test cases have been experimentally verified, which confirms the presented findings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8851254
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)570 - 583
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020



  • Grid-Connection
  • Voltage-Source Converter
  • Grid Fault
  • Synchronization Stability
  • Fault Ride-Through
  • Phase jumps
  • grid connection
  • synchronization stability
  • voltage-source converter
  • Fault ride through
  • grid fault

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