Roots and Routes and the Origins of Urban Theory: A Journey to “Stadtluft Macht Frei”

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The assumptions of the major schools of thought in Western social science theories have influenced most areas of study of cities and their relationship with society as a whole. It remains an open question whether those theories are useful in a Third World context and hence how urban bias as a prerequisite for development is linked to development theory? This paper investigates and outlines some ideas for a new approach to tackle and comprehend the new urban reality seen as both a physical and a mental problem related to the realities of lack of a spatial and psychological feeling of belonging and “modernity” as a problem in itself.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoots, Routes and a New Awakening : Beyond One and Many and Alternative Planetary Futures
EditorsAnanta Kumar Giri
Number of pages30
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Publication date1 May 2021
ISBN (Print)978-981-15-7122-0
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021


  • urban theory
  • development theory


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