Screening for thyroid disease in pregnancy: a study of Danish clinical practice

Line Cleman Hatting, Marie Østergaard Kristensen, Maja Hjelm Lundgaard, Anne Sørensen, Stine Linding Andersen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Thyroid disease in pregnant women is a matter of clinical awareness, and current clinical guidelines recommend a risk-based screening strategy. This study aimed to evaluate current clinical practice regarding screening for thyroid disease in pregnancy in Denmark. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in the North Denmark Region with consecutive inclusion of 150 pregnant women from Aalborg University Hospital each year in 2020 and 2021. Medical records were reviewed according to the recommended risk-based screening criteria for thyroid disease in pregnancy. Any measurement of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) was assessed 3 months prior to and in pregnancy. Results: Altogether 292 pregnant women who received no current treatment for thyroid disease were included. A total of 81 (27.7%) had a measurement of TSH before or during the pregnancy, and 30 women (10.3%) in the early pregnancy specifically. One or more of the screening criteria for thyroid disease recommended in the Danish clinical practice guideline were fulfilled in 37 of the 81 women (45.7%) with thyroid function tested and among 41 of the 211 (19.4%) women who did not have thyroid function tested before or during pregnancy. Conclusion: In a Danish regional investigation, 1 in 4 women had their thyroid function tested in relation to a pregnancy. However, recommended risk-based screening criteria for thyroid disease in pregnancy were heterogeneously distributed. Results encourage considerations on the current practice for the screening of thyroid function in Danish pregnant women and inform the general debate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9
JournalThyroid research
Volume16
Issue number1
Number of pages9
ISSN1756-6614
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2023. The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Autoimmune
  • Gestational
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • TSH

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