Smart energy Denmark. A consistent and detailed strategy for a fully decarbonized society

Henrik Lund*, Jakob Zinck Thellufsen, Peter Sorknæs, Brian Vad Mathiesen, Miguel Chang, Poul Thøis Madsen, Mikkel Strunge Kany, Iva Ridjan Skov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper presents a strategy for achieving a fully decarbonized Danish energy system (including transport and industry) in 2045. The strategy could also be relevant for most countries at a global level. The energy system analysis includes hour-by-hour computer simulations leading to the design of a Smart Energy System with the ability to balance all sectors of the complete energy system. In the analysis, issues such as international shipping and aviation, the sustainable use of biomass, and the exchange of electricity and gas with neighbouring countries are all considered. Moreover, the energy system is coordinated with other sectors to achieve a fully decarbonized society. Finally, the size of the employment impact of investing in decarbonizing the Danish economy is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112777
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

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  • 100% Renewable energy
  • EnergyPLAN model
  • Fully decarbonized society
  • International shipping and aviation
  • Smart energy systems


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