Source-Side Virtual RC Damper-Based Stabilization Technique for Cascaded Systems in DC Microgrids

Omid Lorzadeh, Iman Lorzadeh, Mohsen Soltani, Amin Hajizadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
117 Downloads (Pure)


Cascaded connection of power converters is a dominant connection form in DC microgrids. In such systems, despite the possible instability caused by the impedance interactions between the individually designed converters, tightly regulated load converters acting as constant power loads (CPLs) tend to destabilize the system owing to their negative resistance characteristics. Hence, this paper proposes a new virtual series RC damper in parallel with the source-side converter's capacitor without compromising the load's dynamic performance. Using this design-oriented active damping method, which utilizes a simple control structure with a more straightforward tuning of the control parameter, the stability and performance of the system are guaranteed. The feasibility and robustness of the suggested active stabilization idea against unanticipated variations in input voltage amplitude, and CPL power rating (load changes) as well as step changes in output voltage reference, are also authenticated. The control and operation principles, as well as the circuit physical meaning realized by the presented technique for three cascaded systems comprising the basic DC/DC converters feeding CPLs, are theoretically analyzed. Simulation and experimental results are provided to validate the effectiveness of the proposed active stabilizer.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9343755
JournalIEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1883-1895
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

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Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Active damping
  • cascaded DC systems
  • Circuit stability
  • constant power load (CPL)
  • Damping
  • Equivalent circuits
  • Integrated circuit modeling
  • Load modeling
  • stability
  • Stability criteria
  • virtual series RC damper
  • Voltage control


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