State-of-the-art Review : Vol. 2B. Integrated Building Concepts: NNEX 44 : Integrating Environmentally Responsive Elements in Buildings

Inger Andresen (Editor), Tommy Kleiven (Editor), Mary-Ann Knudstrup (Editor), Per Heiselberg (Editor), Ad van der Aa, Inger Andresen, Hideo Asada, Ernst Bluemel, Fernando Marques da Silva, Matthias Haase, Hanne Tine Ring Hansen, Tatsuya Hayashi, Per Heiselberg, Yuji Hori, Shinsuke Kato, Mary-Ann Knudstrup, Jakub Kolarik, Maria Kolokotroni, Mitsuki Miura, Shigeki NishizawaAkira Satake, Takao Sawachi, Manabu Tochigi, Takashi Yanai, Ryuichiro Yoshie, Åsa Wahlström, David Warwick

Research output: Book/ReportReportResearch

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The purpose of this report is to give examples of integrated building concepts and related available performance data and information. The report does not aspire to give a complete overview of all possible integrated building concepts and processes. The buildings included in the report have been selected according to the knowledge of the participants in the project, as characteristic examples of the concepts and the challenges they represent. The report will be a common basis for the research and development work that is going to be carried out within the IEA Annex 44 project.

The report contains an overview of 23 case study buildings from 9 countries with integrated building concepts. The overview provides descriptions of the buildings and their contexts, a description of the integrated energy systems, and the overall performance of the building with respect to energy, indoor environment and costs, where available. Also, barriers towards implementation and lessons learnt from the projects are summarized. The last section gives a summary of barriers and opportunities for wide scale realization of integrated building concepts that can be deducted from the examples given in the review.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAalborg
PublisherDepartment of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University
Number of pages122
Publication statusPublished - 2008
SeriesDCE Technical reports

Bibliographical note

Annex 44 Website:


  • Integrated Building Concept
  • Energy
  • Indoor Environment
  • Heating
  • Cooling
  • Ventilation
  • Electric Systems
  • Archetectural Issues

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