Stringent or nonstringent complete remission and prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia: a Danish population-based study

Andreas K Øvlisen, Anders Oest, Mette D Bendtsen, John Bæch, Preben Johansen, Line S Lynggaard, Ingolf Mølle, Thomas B Mortensen, Duruta Weber, Gideon Ertner, Claudia Schöllkopf, Jesper Q Thomassen, Ove Juul Nielsen, Lene Sofie Granfeldt Østgård, Martin Bøgsted, Karen Dybkær, Hans E Johnsen, Marianne T Severinsen

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Abstract

Stringent complete remission (sCR) of acute myeloid leukemia is defined as normal hematopoiesis after therapy. Less sCR, including non-sCR, was introduced as insufficient blood platelet, neutrophil, or erythrocyte recovery. These latter characteristics were defined retrospectively as postremission transfusion dependency and were suggested to be of prognostic value. In the present report, we evaluated the prognostic impact of achieving sCR and non-sCR in the Danish National Acute Leukaemia Registry, including 769 patients registered with classical CR (ie, <5% blasts in the postinduction bone marrow analysis). Individual patients were classified as having sCR (n = 360; 46.8%) or non-sCR (n = 409; 53.2%) based on data from our national laboratory and transfusion databases. Survival analysis revealed that patients achieving sCR had superior overall survival (hazard ratio [HR], 1.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-1.64) as well as relapse-free survival (HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.03-1.51) compared with those with non-sCR after adjusting for covariates. Cox regression analysis regarding the impact of the stringent criteria for blood cell recovery identified these as significant and independent variables. In conclusion, this real-life register study supports the international criteria for response evaluation on prognosis and, most importantly, documents each of the 3 lineage recovery criteria as contributing independently.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBlood advances
Volume2
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)559-564
Number of pages6
ISSN2473-9529
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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