Superior anodic electro-fermentation by enhancing capacity for extracellular electron transfer

Liuyan Gu, Xinxin Xiao, Sang Yup Lee, Bin Lai*, Christian Solem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


Anodic electro-fermentation (AEF), where an anode replaces the terminal electron acceptor, shows great promise. Recently a Lactococcus lactis strain blocked in NAD+ regeneration was demonstrated to use ferricyanide as an alternative electron acceptor to support fast growth, but the need for high concentrations of this non-regenerated electron acceptor limits practical applications. To address this, growth of this L. lactis strain, and an adaptively evolved (ALE) mutant with enhanced ferricyanide respiration capacity were investigated using an anode as electron acceptor in a bioelectrochemical system (BES) setup. Both strains grew well, however, the ALE mutant significantly faster. The ALE mutant almost exclusively generated 2,3-butanediol, whereas its parent strain mainly produced acetoin. The ALE mutant interacted efficiently with the anode, achieving a record high current density of 0.81 ± 0.05 mA/cm2. It is surprising that a Lactic Acid Bacterium, with fermentative metabolism, interacts so well with an anode, which demonstrates the potential of AEF.
Original languageEnglish
Article number129813
JournalBioresource Technology
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2023


  • 2,3-butanediol
  • Acetoin
  • Anodic electro-fermentation
  • Bioelectrochemical system


Dive into the research topics of 'Superior anodic electro-fermentation by enhancing capacity for extracellular electron transfer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this