Systematic Review: Investigating the Impact of COVID-19 on Mental Health Outcomes of Individuals with ADHD

Julie Thejl Behrmann, Julie Blaabjerg, Josefine Jordansen, Kristine M. Jensen de López*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)


Background: According to the WHO, the COVID-19 pandemic could have a negative impact on the mental health of individuals, such as an exacerbation of existing difficulties. Individuals with ADHD may be specifically challenged by the pandemic. Aims: To provide a systematic review of evidence regarding the COVID-19’s impact on mental health of individuals with ADHD during the COVID-19 lockdown. Methods: This registered review (PROSPERO:ID CRD42021238770) adhered to Prisma guidelines. Systematic searches in electronic databases PubMed and PsycINFO were carried out. A total of 12 studies covering 3,028 subjects were included. Results: COVID-19 pandemic is associated with increased ADHD symptoms and psychological difficulties. Some studies reported that individuals experienced positive outcomes. The methodological quality of the studies was low to moderate. Conclusion: COVID-19 can affect the mental health of individuals with ADHD negatively, although methodological limitations should be considered. Further research should generate knowledge about long-term effects impact of the pandemic and about appropriate support.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)959-975
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022


  • ADHD
  • COVID-19
  • mental health
  • pandemic
  • psychological well-being
  • Systematic Review


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