Temperature Anomalies, Long Memory, and Aggregation

J. Eduardo Vera-Valdés*

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Econometric studies for global heating have typically used regional or global temperature averages to show that they exhibit long memory properties. One typical explanation behind the long memory properties of temperature averages is cross-sectional aggregation. Nonetheless, the formal analysis regarding the effect that aggregation has on the long memory dynamics of temperature data has been missing. Thus, this paper studies the long memory properties of individual grid temperatures and compares them against the long memory dynamics of global and regional averages. Our results show that the long memory parameters in individual grid observations are smaller than the ones from regional averages. Global and regional long memory estimates are found to be greatly affected by temperature measurements at the Tropics, where the data is less reliable. Thus, this paper supports the notion that aggregation may be exacerbating the long memory estimated in regional and global temperature data. The results are robust to the bandwidth parameter, limit for station radius of influence, and sampling frequency.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2021


  • Global Heating
  • Climate Change
  • Climate Econometrics
  • Temperature Anomalies
  • Long Memory
  • Aggregation


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