BACKGROUND: The gastroparetic syndrome encompasses antral hypomotility, gastric dysrhythmia, impaired antroduodenal coordination, pyloric dysfunction, and abnormal duodenal motility; the last three collectively referred to as pylorospasms. We hypothesized that antroduodenal motility is diminished and transition time is prolonged in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and polyneuropathy.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 124 participants, of which 21 were healthy, 53 had T1D and 50 had T1D with distal symmetrical polyneuropathy (T1D + DSPN). We used the wireless motility capsule to assess antroduodenal transition time, gastric emptying time, gastric and small bowel motility indices (MI), and numbers of alkalic/acidic exposures.
RESULTS: In comparison with controls, patients with T1D had prolonged antroduodenal transition time (1.85±1.5 vs. 6.6±4.8 minutes; p=0.02), which was even more pronounced in patients with T1D+DSPN (1.85±1.5 vs. 17.8±28.5 minutes; p<0.008. T1D+DSPN tended to have diminished gastric MI (11.9±2.4 vs. 12.7±1.0, p=0.07) and small bowel MI (13.1±1.4 vs. 13.6±0.6, p=0.05) and experienced more antral/pyloric alkalic episodes (1.2±1.3 vs. 2.0±2.1, p=0.02) compared with controls.
CONCLUSION: The current method may assess a proxy for severity of pylorospasms in patients with diabetes and other diseases associated with upper gastrointestinal motility disorders, which ultimately may optimize future management.
|Journal||Neurogastroenterology and Motility|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2021|
Bibliographical note© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
- antroduodenal passage
- antroduodenal transisition
- diabetic enteropathy
- diabetic gastroparesis
- pyloric antrum
- pyloric passage