The effect of peripheral high-frequency electrical stimulation on the primary somatosensory cortex in pigs

Taha Al Muhammadee Janjua*, Thomas Gomes Nørgaard Dos Santos Nielsen, Felipe Rettore Andreis, Suzan Meijs, Winnie Jensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
41 Downloads (Pure)


This study implements the use of Danish Landrace pigs as subjects for the long-term potentiation (LTP)-like pain model. This is accomplished by analyzing changes in the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) in response to electrical stimulation on the ulnar nerve after applying high-frequency electrical stimulation (HFS) on the ulnar nerve. In this study, eight Danish Landrace pigs were electrically stimulated, through the ulnar nerve, to record the cortically evoked response in S1 by a 16-channel microelectrode array (MEA). Six of these pigs were subjected to HFS (four consecutive, 15 mA, 100 Hz, 1000 µs pulse duration) 45 min after the start of the experiment. Two pigs were used as control subjects to compare the cortical response to peripheral electrical stimulation without applying HFS. Low-frequency components of the intracortical signals (0.3-300 Hz) were analyzed using event-related potential (ERP) analysis, where the minimum peak during the first 30-50 ms (N1 component) in each channel was detected. The change in N1 was compared over time across the intervention and control groups. Spectral analysis was used to demonstrate the effect of the intervention on the evoked cortical oscillations computed between 75 ms and 200 ms after stimulus. ERP analysis showed an immediate increase in N1 amplitude that became statistically significant 45 mins after HFS (p < 0.01) for the intervention group. The normalized change in power in frequency oscillations showed a similar trend. The results show that the LTP-like pain model can be effectively implemented in pigs using HFS since the cortical responses are comparable to those described in humans.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIBRO neuroscience reports
Pages (from-to)112-118
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

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