The Effect of Time Delay on the Average Data Rate and Performance in Networked Control Systems

Mohsen Barforooshan, Milan Derpich, Photios A. Stavrou, Jan Østergaard

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper studies the performance of a feedback control loop closed via an error-free digital communication channel with transmission delay. The system comprises a discrete-time noisy linear time-invariant (LTI) plant whose single measurement output is mapped into its single control input by a causal, but otherwise arbitrary, coding and control scheme. We consider a single-input multiple-output (SIMO) channel between the encoder-controller and the decoder-controller which is lossless and imposes random time delay. We derive a lower bound on the minimum average feedback data rate that guarantees achieving a certain level of average quadratic performance over all possible realizations of the random delay. For the special case of a constant channel delay, we obtain an upper bound by proposing linear source-coding schemes that attain desired performance levels with rates that are at most 1.254 bits per sample greater than the lower bound. We supplement our results with a numerical experiment demonstrating that the obtained bounds and operational rates are increasing functions of the constant delay.

Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Automatic Control
Number of pages16
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021


  • Networked control systems
  • data rate constraints
  • information theory
  • optimal control
  • time delay


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