The ethical judgment: Chemical psychotropics

Klavs Birkholm*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


In the case of psychotropic and nootropic substances, evidence is abundant that the pharmaceutical industries are violating elementary ethical norms, implying a serious liability not only for company managements, but also for researchers, laboratory staff, etc. Moreover, the rapidly expanding consumption of these substances seems to have radical repercussions on society and cultural norms. This chapter points to three such further consequences: an abnormal spread of diagnostics in human interaction (Section 7.1); a potential suspension of the elementary fight for recognition (Section 7.2); and an ever-present demand for perfection in both working and private lives (Section 7.3). The question of responsibility for these developments is addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEthics Of Chemistry : From Poison Gas To Climate Engineering
Number of pages27
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co.
Publication date8 Feb 2021
ISBN (Electronic)9789811233548
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.


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