The making of Andersen’s liquefaction chart

Tomas Sabaliauskas, Lars Bo Ibsen

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Andersen’s chart (Andersen & Berre, 1999) is a graphical method of observing cyclic soil response. It allows observing soil response to various stress amplitudes that can lead to liquefaction, excess plastic deformation stabilizing soil response.The process of obtaining the original chart has been improved. Algorithm based approximation is introduced. Pore pressure dependent ultimate bearing capacity normalization factor is introduced to normalize the chart.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAalborg
PublisherDepartment of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2017
SeriesDCE Technical Memorandum

Bibliographical note

Andersen, K. & Berre, . T., 1999. Behaviour of a dense sand under monotonic and cyclic loading comportemen, Amsterdam: European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering.
Andersen, K. H., 2009. Bearing capacity under cyclic loading — offshore,. Oslo: The 21st Bjerrum.
Hettler, A. & Vardoulakis, I., 1984. Behaviour of dry sand tested in a large triaxial apparatus. s.l.:Geotechnique 34.2 (1984): 183-197..
Ibsen, L. B., 1994. The stable state in cyclic triaxial testing on sand. Aalborg: Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 13 (1994) 63-72 .
Ibsen, L. B., 1995. The Static and Dynamic Strength of Sand. Copenhagen: European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering.
Nielsen, S. D. & Ibsen, L. B., 2013. s.l.:International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers.
Praastrup, U., Jakobsen, K. P. & Ibsen, L. B., 1999. Two Theoretically Consistent Methods for Analysing Triaxial Tests. Aalborg: Computers and Geotechnics. Vol. 25(1999), pp. 157-170.
Sabaliauskas, T. & Troya, A., 2014. Observations during static and cyclic undrained loading of dense Aalborg University sand no. 1. Aalborg: DCE Technical Memorandum No. 43.
Shajarati, A., Sørensen, K. W., Dam, S. K. & Ibsen, L. B., 2012. Manual for Cyclic Triaxial Test. Aalborg: DCE Technical Report No. 114.
Troya, A. & Sabaliauskas, T., 2014. Cyclic behaviour of undrained dense Aalborg University sand no. 1. Aalborg: DCE Technical Memorandum. Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University,


  • Cyclic
  • undrained
  • sand
  • graph
  • Andersen
  • Knut


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