The role of households in Danish energy policy: Visions and contradictions

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This chapter outlines the transformation of the Danish energy system from the oil crises in the 1970s to the present challenges. Energy policies have ensured a successful implementation of district heating based on combined heat and power and high penetration of wind power in the electricity system, but also substantial dependence on the use of biomass. The transformations have concentrated mainly on the supply side, where the involvement of households has been somewhat scattered. Turning to the future challenge of decarbonization, more focus on the demand side is needed, including energy savings and the electrification of mobility and heating. In this process, households may need to be involved differently. An innovative example of multi-actor engagement in energy renovation of private homes is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnergy Demand Challenges in Europe : Implications for policy, planning and practice
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Publication date2019
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-20338-2
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-20339-9
Publication statusPublished - 2019



  • Denmark
  • Danish energy system
  • Transformation
  • Energy savings
  • Role of households in energy transformation

Cite this

Røpke, I., Jensen, C. L., & Quitzau, M-B. (2019). The role of households in Danish energy policy: Visions and contradictions. In Energy Demand Challenges in Europe: Implications for policy, planning and practice (pp. 35-46). Palgrave Macmillan.