The Roles of Sketching in Design: Mapping the tension between functions in design sketching

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article in JournalResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper examines how the role of sketching in design process has been disseminated previously through a review of prior perspectives into the field. We identify that the studies of design sketching has been dominated by two perspectives: studies into what is known as ‘visual thinking’ (Goldschmidt 1991, Schön & Wiggins 1992, Tversky et al. 1999), which examines the designers reflective conversation with the sketch, and a second perspective on sketching as way of ‘visual communication’ with others in the design process (Lugt 2005, Schütze 2003, Buxton 2010). We raise the question of whether it is reasonable to combine the two different roles of sketching to form a more intertwined relationship - seeing the two as sides of the same coin. Based on the terminology of Olofsson & Sjöflen (2005) four functions are identified as being representative for the different roles sketching can take in the design process: investigative, explorative, communicative, and persuasive. We appropriate these categories into a tension field, reflecting how the role of the same sketch may change over the course of time in the design project, based upon the type of knowledge required to gain from the sketch at a given time.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNordic Design Research (NORDES)
Issue number6
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015
EventNordic Design Research Conference 2015: Design Ecologies - University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 7 Jun 201510 Jun 2015
http://www.nordes.org/nordes2015/

Conference

ConferenceNordic Design Research Conference 2015
LocationUniversity College of Arts, Crafts and Design
CountrySweden
CityStockholm
Period07/06/201510/06/2015
Internet address

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visual communication
technical language
conversation
time

Keywords

  • sketching
  • design
  • design thinking
  • prototpying
  • sketch
  • design epistemology

Cite this

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title = "The Roles of Sketching in Design: Mapping the tension between functions in design sketching",
abstract = "This paper examines how the role of sketching in design process has been disseminated previously through a review of prior perspectives into the field. We identify that the studies of design sketching has been dominated by two perspectives: studies into what is known as ‘visual thinking’ (Goldschmidt 1991, Sch{\"o}n & Wiggins 1992, Tversky et al. 1999), which examines the designers reflective conversation with the sketch, and a second perspective on sketching as way of ‘visual communication’ with others in the design process (Lugt 2005, Sch{\"u}tze 2003, Buxton 2010). We raise the question of whether it is reasonable to combine the two different roles of sketching to form a more intertwined relationship - seeing the two as sides of the same coin. Based on the terminology of Olofsson & Sj{\"o}flen (2005) four functions are identified as being representative for the different roles sketching can take in the design process: investigative, explorative, communicative, and persuasive. We appropriate these categories into a tension field, reflecting how the role of the same sketch may change over the course of time in the design project, based upon the type of knowledge required to gain from the sketch at a given time.",
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The Roles of Sketching in Design : Mapping the tension between functions in design sketching. / Vistisen, Peter.

In: Nordic Design Research (NORDES), No. 6, 06.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article in JournalResearchpeer-review

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